LANDLESS PEASANTS ISSUE AND VILLAGES IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DURING THE PROCESS FROM THE FIRST YEARS OF THE REPUBLIC TO LAW OF PROVIDING LAND TO FARMERS OF 1945

The newly established Turkish state took over social structure which consisted of oppressed community, peasants who were differentiated and became farm labourers and landlords who became wealthy by taking every opportunity from Ottoman Empire. When the twentieth century came, all the institutions that provided social order in the Ottoman Empire either lost their functions or collapsed. It was necessary to reconstruct the social structure that was deteriorated by the dysfunction and collapse of those institutions. Gazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the new Turkish state, believed that the solution to this problem was to start with the villages, where production came to a halt.

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Devam..